Demystifying Dystonia

In this video presentation, we start by providing a basic overview of what dystonia is and the prevalence of this condition by looking at both age and gender. Afterwards, a discussion on the components of the brain that dystonia is usually linked to is discussed in order to give insight into how dystonia affects the stimulation and causes the excessive contraction of the muscle or muscle group it affects. In the presentation the various ways that could cause dystonia are also looked at so that the audience that is watching the video has some background information about that. A quick glance of the different types of dystonia as well as the symptoms of this condition were also mentioned to give insight to this common, yet rarely talked about, condition is all about. Towards the end of the video a more in depth discussion on the various forms of treatment such Botox injections, anticholinergic medication, and deep brain stimulation surgery were discussed and how they differ from each other and when to use which depending on the severity of the condition and the resources available. Neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine were discussed and their role in the body by innervating the muscle in order to contract. The video also explained complex genetic concepts related to the cause of Dystonia as well as the main components of the brain that is affected by this condition in order to make the video an enjoyable learning experience for all ages who are going to view the video.

This video was made by 4DM3 students Vyshnavi Mahendran, Tamandeep Khangura, Humaira Nakhuda, Mateen Akhtar and Andrew Nashed.

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Copyright McMaster University 2016

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